Struct tide_disco::Url

source ·
pub struct Url { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

A parsed URL record.

Implementations§

source§

impl Url

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pub fn parse(input: &str) -> Result<Url, ParseError>

Parse an absolute URL from a string.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://example.net")?;
§Errors

If the function can not parse an absolute URL from the given string, a ParseError variant will be returned.

source

pub fn parse_with_params<I, K, V>( input: &str, iter: I ) -> Result<Url, ParseError>
where I: IntoIterator, <I as IntoIterator>::Item: Borrow<(K, V)>, K: AsRef<str>, V: AsRef<str>,

Parse an absolute URL from a string and add params to its query string.

Existing params are not removed.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse_with_params("https://example.net?dont=clobberme",
                                 &[("lang", "rust"), ("browser", "servo")])?;
assert_eq!("https://example.net/?dont=clobberme&lang=rust&browser=servo", url.as_str());
§Errors

If the function can not parse an absolute URL from the given string, a ParseError variant will be returned.

source

pub fn join(&self, input: &str) -> Result<Url, ParseError>

Parse a string as an URL, with this URL as the base URL.

The inverse of this is make_relative.

Note: a trailing slash is significant. Without it, the last path component is considered to be a “file” name to be removed to get at the “directory” that is used as the base:

§Examples
use url::Url;

let base = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b.html")?;
let url = base.join("c.png")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.net/a/c.png");  // Not /a/b.html/c.png

let base = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b/")?;
let url = base.join("c.png")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.net/a/b/c.png");
§Errors

If the function can not parse an URL from the given string with this URL as the base URL, a ParseError variant will be returned.

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pub fn make_relative(&self, url: &Url) -> Option<String>

Creates a relative URL if possible, with this URL as the base URL.

This is the inverse of join.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let base = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b.html")?;
let url = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/c.png")?;
let relative = base.make_relative(&url);
assert_eq!(relative.as_ref().map(|s| s.as_str()), Some("c.png"));

let base = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b/")?;
let url = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b/c.png")?;
let relative = base.make_relative(&url);
assert_eq!(relative.as_ref().map(|s| s.as_str()), Some("c.png"));

let base = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b/")?;
let url = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/d/c.png")?;
let relative = base.make_relative(&url);
assert_eq!(relative.as_ref().map(|s| s.as_str()), Some("../d/c.png"));

let base = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b.html?c=d")?;
let url = Url::parse("https://example.net/a/b.html?e=f")?;
let relative = base.make_relative(&url);
assert_eq!(relative.as_ref().map(|s| s.as_str()), Some("?e=f"));
§Errors

If this URL can’t be a base for the given URL, None is returned. This is for example the case if the scheme, host or port are not the same.

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pub fn options<'a>() -> ParseOptions<'a>

Return a default ParseOptions that can fully configure the URL parser.

§Examples

Get default ParseOptions, then change base url

use url::Url;
let options = Url::options();
let api = Url::parse("https://api.example.com")?;
let base_url = options.base_url(Some(&api));
let version_url = base_url.parse("version.json")?;
assert_eq!(version_url.as_str(), "https://api.example.com/version.json");
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pub fn as_str(&self) -> &str

Return the serialization of this URL.

This is fast since that serialization is already stored in the Url struct.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url_str = "https://example.net/";
let url = Url::parse(url_str)?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), url_str);
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pub fn into_string(self) -> String

👎Deprecated since 2.3.0: use Into<String>

Return the serialization of this URL.

This consumes the Url and takes ownership of the String stored in it.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url_str = "https://example.net/";
let url = Url::parse(url_str)?;
assert_eq!(String::from(url), url_str);
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pub fn origin(&self) -> Origin

Return the origin of this URL (https://url.spec.whatwg.org/#origin)

Note: this returns an opaque origin for file: URLs, which causes url.origin() != url.origin().

§Examples

URL with ftp scheme:

use url::{Host, Origin, Url};

let url = Url::parse("ftp://example.com/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.origin(),
           Origin::Tuple("ftp".into(),
                         Host::Domain("example.com".into()),
                         21));

URL with blob scheme:

use url::{Host, Origin, Url};

let url = Url::parse("blob:https://example.com/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.origin(),
           Origin::Tuple("https".into(),
                         Host::Domain("example.com".into()),
                         443));

URL with file scheme:

use url::{Host, Origin, Url};

let url = Url::parse("file:///tmp/foo")?;
assert!(!url.origin().is_tuple());

let other_url = Url::parse("file:///tmp/foo")?;
assert!(url.origin() != other_url.origin());

URL with other scheme:

use url::{Host, Origin, Url};

let url = Url::parse("foo:bar")?;
assert!(!url.origin().is_tuple());
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pub fn scheme(&self) -> &str

Return the scheme of this URL, lower-cased, as an ASCII string without the ‘:’ delimiter.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("file:///tmp/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.scheme(), "file");
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pub fn is_special(&self) -> bool

Return whether the URL is special (has a special scheme)

§Examples
use url::Url;

assert!(Url::parse("http:///tmp/foo")?.is_special());
assert!(Url::parse("file:///tmp/foo")?.is_special());
assert!(!Url::parse("moz:///tmp/foo")?.is_special());
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pub fn has_authority(&self) -> bool

Return whether the URL has an ‘authority’, which can contain a username, password, host, and port number.

URLs that do not are either path-only like unix:/run/foo.socket or cannot-be-a-base like data:text/plain,Stuff.

See also the authority method.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert!(url.has_authority());

let url = Url::parse("unix:/run/foo.socket")?;
assert!(!url.has_authority());

let url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,Stuff")?;
assert!(!url.has_authority());
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pub fn authority(&self) -> &str

Return the authority of this URL as an ASCII string.

Non-ASCII domains are punycode-encoded per IDNA if this is the host of a special URL, or percent encoded for non-special URLs. IPv6 addresses are given between [ and ] brackets. Ports are omitted if they match the well known port of a special URL.

Username and password are percent-encoded.

See also the has_authority method.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("unix:/run/foo.socket")?;
assert_eq!(url.authority(), "");
let url = Url::parse("file:///tmp/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.authority(), "");
let url = Url::parse("https://user:password@example.com/tmp/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.authority(), "user:password@example.com");
let url = Url::parse("irc://àlex.рф.example.com:6667/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.authority(), "%C3%A0lex.%D1%80%D1%84.example.com:6667");
let url = Url::parse("http://àlex.рф.example.com:80/foo")?;
assert_eq!(url.authority(), "xn--lex-8ka.xn--p1ai.example.com");
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pub fn cannot_be_a_base(&self) -> bool

Return whether this URL is a cannot-be-a-base URL, meaning that parsing a relative URL string with this URL as the base will return an error.

This is the case if the scheme and : delimiter are not followed by a / slash, as is typically the case of data: and mailto: URLs.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert!(!url.cannot_be_a_base());

let url = Url::parse("unix:/run/foo.socket")?;
assert!(!url.cannot_be_a_base());

let url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,Stuff")?;
assert!(url.cannot_be_a_base());
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pub fn username(&self) -> &str

Return the username for this URL (typically the empty string) as a percent-encoded ASCII string.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.username(), "rms");

let url = Url::parse("ftp://:secret123@example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.username(), "");

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.username(), "");
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pub fn password(&self) -> Option<&str>

Return the password for this URL, if any, as a percent-encoded ASCII string.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms:secret123@example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.password(), Some("secret123"));

let url = Url::parse("ftp://:secret123@example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.password(), Some("secret123"));

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.password(), None);

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.password(), None);
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pub fn has_host(&self) -> bool

Equivalent to url.host().is_some().

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert!(url.has_host());

let url = Url::parse("unix:/run/foo.socket")?;
assert!(!url.has_host());

let url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,Stuff")?;
assert!(!url.has_host());
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pub fn host_str(&self) -> Option<&str>

Return the string representation of the host (domain or IP address) for this URL, if any.

Non-ASCII domains are punycode-encoded per IDNA if this is the host of a special URL, or percent encoded for non-special URLs. IPv6 addresses are given between [ and ] brackets.

Cannot-be-a-base URLs (typical of data: and mailto:) and some file: URLs don’t have a host.

See also the host method.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://127.0.0.1/index.html")?;
assert_eq!(url.host_str(), Some("127.0.0.1"));

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.host_str(), Some("example.com"));

let url = Url::parse("unix:/run/foo.socket")?;
assert_eq!(url.host_str(), None);

let url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,Stuff")?;
assert_eq!(url.host_str(), None);
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pub fn host(&self) -> Option<Host<&str>>

Return the parsed representation of the host for this URL. Non-ASCII domain labels are punycode-encoded per IDNA if this is the host of a special URL, or percent encoded for non-special URLs.

Cannot-be-a-base URLs (typical of data: and mailto:) and some file: URLs don’t have a host.

See also the host_str method.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://127.0.0.1/index.html")?;
assert!(url.host().is_some());

let url = Url::parse("ftp://rms@example.com")?;
assert!(url.host().is_some());

let url = Url::parse("unix:/run/foo.socket")?;
assert!(url.host().is_none());

let url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,Stuff")?;
assert!(url.host().is_none());
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pub fn domain(&self) -> Option<&str>

If this URL has a host and it is a domain name (not an IP address), return it. Non-ASCII domains are punycode-encoded per IDNA if this is the host of a special URL, or percent encoded for non-special URLs.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://127.0.0.1/")?;
assert_eq!(url.domain(), None);

let url = Url::parse("mailto:rms@example.net")?;
assert_eq!(url.domain(), None);

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/")?;
assert_eq!(url.domain(), Some("example.com"));
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pub fn port(&self) -> Option<u16>

Return the port number for this URL, if any.

Note that default port numbers are never reflected by the serialization, use the port_or_known_default() method if you want a default port number returned.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.port(), None);

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com:443/")?;
assert_eq!(url.port(), None);

let url = Url::parse("ssh://example.com:22")?;
assert_eq!(url.port(), Some(22));
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pub fn port_or_known_default(&self) -> Option<u16>

Return the port number for this URL, or the default port number if it is known.

This method only knows the default port number of the http, https, ws, wss and ftp schemes.

For URLs in these schemes, this method always returns Some(_). For other schemes, it is the same as Url::port().

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("foo://example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.port_or_known_default(), None);

let url = Url::parse("foo://example.com:1456")?;
assert_eq!(url.port_or_known_default(), Some(1456));

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.port_or_known_default(), Some(443));
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pub fn socket_addrs( &self, default_port_number: impl Fn() -> Option<u16> ) -> Result<Vec<SocketAddr>, Error>

Resolve a URL’s host and port number to SocketAddr.

If the URL has the default port number of a scheme that is unknown to this library, default_port_number provides an opportunity to provide the actual port number. In non-example code this should be implemented either simply as || None, or by matching on the URL’s .scheme().

If the host is a domain, it is resolved using the standard library’s DNS support.

§Examples
let url = url::Url::parse("https://example.net/").unwrap();
let addrs = url.socket_addrs(|| None).unwrap();
std::net::TcpStream::connect(&*addrs)
/// With application-specific known default port numbers
fn socket_addrs(url: url::Url) -> std::io::Result<Vec<std::net::SocketAddr>> {
    url.socket_addrs(|| match url.scheme() {
        "socks5" | "socks5h" => Some(1080),
        _ => None,
    })
}
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pub fn path(&self) -> &str

Return the path for this URL, as a percent-encoded ASCII string. For cannot-be-a-base URLs, this is an arbitrary string that doesn’t start with ‘/’. For other URLs, this starts with a ‘/’ slash and continues with slash-separated path segments.

§Examples
use url::{Url, ParseError};

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/api/versions?page=2")?;
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/api/versions");

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/");

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/countries/việt nam")?;
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/countries/vi%E1%BB%87t%20nam");
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pub fn path_segments(&self) -> Option<Split<'_, char>>

Unless this URL is cannot-be-a-base, return an iterator of ‘/’ slash-separated path segments, each as a percent-encoded ASCII string.

Return None for cannot-be-a-base URLs.

When Some is returned, the iterator always contains at least one string (which may be empty).

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/foo/bar")?;
let mut path_segments = url.path_segments().ok_or_else(|| "cannot be base")?;
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), Some("foo"));
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), Some("bar"));
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), None);

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
let mut path_segments = url.path_segments().ok_or_else(|| "cannot be base")?;
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), Some(""));
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), None);

let url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,HelloWorld")?;
assert!(url.path_segments().is_none());

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/countries/việt nam")?;
let mut path_segments = url.path_segments().ok_or_else(|| "cannot be base")?;
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), Some("countries"));
assert_eq!(path_segments.next(), Some("vi%E1%BB%87t%20nam"));
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pub fn query(&self) -> Option<&str>

Return this URL’s query string, if any, as a percent-encoded ASCII string.

§Examples
use url::Url;

fn run() -> Result<(), ParseError> {
let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/products?page=2")?;
let query = url.query();
assert_eq!(query, Some("page=2"));

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/products")?;
let query = url.query();
assert!(query.is_none());

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/?country=español")?;
let query = url.query();
assert_eq!(query, Some("country=espa%C3%B1ol"));
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pub fn query_pairs(&self) -> Parse<'_>

Parse the URL’s query string, if any, as application/x-www-form-urlencoded and return an iterator of (key, value) pairs.

§Examples
use std::borrow::Cow;

use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/products?page=2&sort=desc")?;
let mut pairs = url.query_pairs();

assert_eq!(pairs.count(), 2);

assert_eq!(pairs.next(), Some((Cow::Borrowed("page"), Cow::Borrowed("2"))));
assert_eq!(pairs.next(), Some((Cow::Borrowed("sort"), Cow::Borrowed("desc"))));
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pub fn fragment(&self) -> Option<&str>

Return this URL’s fragment identifier, if any.

A fragment is the part of the URL after the # symbol. The fragment is optional and, if present, contains a fragment identifier that identifies a secondary resource, such as a section heading of a document.

In HTML, the fragment identifier is usually the id attribute of a an element that is scrolled to on load. Browsers typically will not send the fragment portion of a URL to the server.

Note: the parser did not percent-encode this component, but the input may have been percent-encoded already.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/data.csv#row=4")?;

assert_eq!(url.fragment(), Some("row=4"));

let url = Url::parse("https://example.com/data.csv#cell=4,1-6,2")?;

assert_eq!(url.fragment(), Some("cell=4,1-6,2"));
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pub fn set_fragment(&mut self, fragment: Option<&str>)

Change this URL’s fragment identifier.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.com/data.csv")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/data.csv");
url.set_fragment(Some("cell=4,1-6,2"));
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/data.csv#cell=4,1-6,2");
assert_eq!(url.fragment(), Some("cell=4,1-6,2"));

url.set_fragment(None);
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/data.csv");
assert!(url.fragment().is_none());
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pub fn set_query(&mut self, query: Option<&str>)

Change this URL’s query string.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.com/products")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/products");

url.set_query(Some("page=2"));
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/products?page=2");
assert_eq!(url.query(), Some("page=2"));
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pub fn query_pairs_mut(&mut self) -> Serializer<'_, UrlQuery<'_>>

Manipulate this URL’s query string, viewed as a sequence of name/value pairs in application/x-www-form-urlencoded syntax.

The return value has a method-chaining API:


let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.net?lang=fr#nav")?;
assert_eq!(url.query(), Some("lang=fr"));

url.query_pairs_mut().append_pair("foo", "bar");
assert_eq!(url.query(), Some("lang=fr&foo=bar"));
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.net/?lang=fr&foo=bar#nav");

url.query_pairs_mut()
    .clear()
    .append_pair("foo", "bar & baz")
    .append_pair("saisons", "\u{00C9}t\u{00E9}+hiver");
assert_eq!(url.query(), Some("foo=bar+%26+baz&saisons=%C3%89t%C3%A9%2Bhiver"));
assert_eq!(url.as_str(),
           "https://example.net/?foo=bar+%26+baz&saisons=%C3%89t%C3%A9%2Bhiver#nav");

Note: url.query_pairs_mut().clear(); is equivalent to url.set_query(Some("")), not url.set_query(None).

The state of Url is unspecified if this return value is leaked without being dropped.

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pub fn set_path(&mut self, path: &str)

Change this URL’s path.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
url.set_path("api/comments");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/api/comments");
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/api/comments");

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.com/api")?;
url.set_path("data/report.csv");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/data/report.csv");
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/data/report.csv");

// `set_path` percent-encodes the given string if it's not already percent-encoded.
let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
url.set_path("api/some comments");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/api/some%20comments");
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/api/some%20comments");

// `set_path` will not double percent-encode the string if it's already percent-encoded.
let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.com")?;
url.set_path("api/some%20comments");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.com/api/some%20comments");
assert_eq!(url.path(), "/api/some%20comments");
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pub fn path_segments_mut(&mut self) -> Result<PathSegmentsMut<'_>, ()>

Return an object with methods to manipulate this URL’s path segments.

Return Err(()) if this URL is cannot-be-a-base.

source

pub fn set_port(&mut self, port: Option<u16>) -> Result<(), ()>

Change this URL’s port number.

Note that default port numbers are not reflected in the serialization.

If this URL is cannot-be-a-base, does not have a host, or has the file scheme; do nothing and return Err.

§Examples
use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("ssh://example.net:2048/")?;

url.set_port(Some(4096)).map_err(|_| "cannot be base")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "ssh://example.net:4096/");

url.set_port(None).map_err(|_| "cannot be base")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "ssh://example.net/");

Known default port numbers are not reflected:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.org/")?;

url.set_port(Some(443)).map_err(|_| "cannot be base")?;
assert!(url.port().is_none());

Cannot set port for cannot-be-a-base URLs:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("mailto:rms@example.net")?;

let result = url.set_port(Some(80));
assert!(result.is_err());

let result = url.set_port(None);
assert!(result.is_err());
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pub fn set_host(&mut self, host: Option<&str>) -> Result<(), ParseError>

Change this URL’s host.

Removing the host (calling this with None) will also remove any username, password, and port number.

§Examples

Change host:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_host(Some("rust-lang.org"));
assert!(result.is_ok());
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://rust-lang.org/");

Remove host:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("foo://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_host(None);
assert!(result.is_ok());
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "foo:/");

Cannot remove host for ‘special’ schemes (e.g. http):

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_host(None);
assert!(result.is_err());
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.net/");

Cannot change or remove host for cannot-be-a-base URLs:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("mailto:rms@example.net")?;

let result = url.set_host(Some("rust-lang.org"));
assert!(result.is_err());
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "mailto:rms@example.net");

let result = url.set_host(None);
assert!(result.is_err());
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "mailto:rms@example.net");
§Errors

If this URL is cannot-be-a-base or there is an error parsing the given host, a ParseError variant will be returned.

source

pub fn set_ip_host(&mut self, address: IpAddr) -> Result<(), ()>

Change this URL’s host to the given IP address.

If this URL is cannot-be-a-base, do nothing and return Err.

Compared to Url::set_host, this skips the host parser.

§Examples
use url::{Url, ParseError};

let mut url = Url::parse("http://example.com")?;
url.set_ip_host("127.0.0.1".parse().unwrap());
assert_eq!(url.host_str(), Some("127.0.0.1"));
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "http://127.0.0.1/");

Cannot change URL’s from mailto(cannot-be-base) to ip:

use url::{Url, ParseError};

let mut url = Url::parse("mailto:rms@example.com")?;
let result = url.set_ip_host("127.0.0.1".parse().unwrap());

assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "mailto:rms@example.com");
assert!(result.is_err());
source

pub fn set_password(&mut self, password: Option<&str>) -> Result<(), ()>

Change this URL’s password.

If this URL is cannot-be-a-base or does not have a host, do nothing and return Err.

§Examples
use url::{Url, ParseError};

let mut url = Url::parse("mailto:rmz@example.com")?;
let result = url.set_password(Some("secret_password"));
assert!(result.is_err());

let mut url = Url::parse("ftp://user1:secret1@example.com")?;
let result = url.set_password(Some("secret_password"));
assert_eq!(url.password(), Some("secret_password"));

let mut url = Url::parse("ftp://user2:@example.com")?;
let result = url.set_password(Some("secret2"));
assert!(result.is_ok());
assert_eq!(url.password(), Some("secret2"));
source

pub fn set_username(&mut self, username: &str) -> Result<(), ()>

Change this URL’s username.

If this URL is cannot-be-a-base or does not have a host, do nothing and return Err.

§Examples

Cannot setup username from mailto(cannot-be-base)

use url::{Url, ParseError};

let mut url = Url::parse("mailto:rmz@example.com")?;
let result = url.set_username("user1");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "mailto:rmz@example.com");
assert!(result.is_err());

Setup username to user1

use url::{Url, ParseError};

let mut url = Url::parse("ftp://:secre1@example.com/")?;
let result = url.set_username("user1");
assert!(result.is_ok());
assert_eq!(url.username(), "user1");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "ftp://user1:secre1@example.com/");
source

pub fn set_scheme(&mut self, scheme: &str) -> Result<(), ()>

Change this URL’s scheme.

Do nothing and return Err under the following circumstances:

  • If the new scheme is not in [a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9+.-]+
  • If this URL is cannot-be-a-base and the new scheme is one of http, https, ws, wss or ftp
  • If either the old or new scheme is http, https, ws, wss or ftp and the other is not one of these
  • If the new scheme is file and this URL includes credentials or has a non-null port
  • If this URL’s scheme is file and its host is empty or null

See also the URL specification’s section on legal scheme state overrides.

§Examples

Change the URL’s scheme from https to http:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_scheme("http");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "http://example.net/");
assert!(result.is_ok());

Change the URL’s scheme from foo to bar:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("foo://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_scheme("bar");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "bar://example.net");
assert!(result.is_ok());

Cannot change URL’s scheme from https to foõ:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("https://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_scheme("foõ");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "https://example.net/");
assert!(result.is_err());

Cannot change URL’s scheme from mailto (cannot-be-a-base) to https:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("mailto:rms@example.net")?;
let result = url.set_scheme("https");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "mailto:rms@example.net");
assert!(result.is_err());

Cannot change the URL’s scheme from foo to https:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("foo://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_scheme("https");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "foo://example.net");
assert!(result.is_err());

Cannot change the URL’s scheme from http to foo:

use url::Url;

let mut url = Url::parse("http://example.net")?;
let result = url.set_scheme("foo");
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "http://example.net/");
assert!(result.is_err());
source

pub fn from_file_path<P>(path: P) -> Result<Url, ()>
where P: AsRef<Path>,

Convert a file name as std::path::Path into an URL in the file scheme.

This returns Err if the given path is not absolute or, on Windows, if the prefix is not a disk prefix (e.g. C:) or a UNC prefix (\\).

§Examples

On Unix-like platforms:

use url::Url;

let url = Url::from_file_path("/tmp/foo.txt")?;
assert_eq!(url.as_str(), "file:///tmp/foo.txt");

let url = Url::from_file_path("../foo.txt");
assert!(url.is_err());

let url = Url::from_file_path("https://google.com/");
assert!(url.is_err());
source

pub fn from_directory_path<P>(path: P) -> Result<Url, ()>
where P: AsRef<Path>,

Convert a directory name as std::path::Path into an URL in the file scheme.

This returns Err if the given path is not absolute or, on Windows, if the prefix is not a disk prefix (e.g. C:) or a UNC prefix (\\).

Compared to from_file_path, this ensure that URL’s the path has a trailing slash so that the entire path is considered when using this URL as a base URL.

For example:

  • "index.html" parsed with Url::from_directory_path(Path::new("/var/www")) as the base URL is file:///var/www/index.html
  • "index.html" parsed with Url::from_file_path(Path::new("/var/www")) as the base URL is file:///var/index.html, which might not be what was intended.

Note that std::path does not consider trailing slashes significant and usually does not include them (e.g. in Path::parent()).

source

pub fn serialize_internal<S>( &self, serializer: S ) -> Result<<S as Serializer>::Ok, <S as Serializer>::Error>
where S: Serializer,

Serialize with Serde using the internal representation of the Url struct.

The corresponding deserialize_internal method sacrifices some invariant-checking for speed, compared to the Deserialize trait impl.

This method is only available if the serde Cargo feature is enabled.

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pub fn deserialize_internal<'de, D>( deserializer: D ) -> Result<Url, <D as Deserializer<'de>>::Error>
where D: Deserializer<'de>,

Serialize with Serde using the internal representation of the Url struct.

The corresponding deserialize_internal method sacrifices some invariant-checking for speed, compared to the Deserialize trait impl.

This method is only available if the serde Cargo feature is enabled.

source

pub fn to_file_path(&self) -> Result<PathBuf, ()>

Assuming the URL is in the file scheme or similar, convert its path to an absolute std::path::Path.

Note: This does not actually check the URL’s scheme, and may give nonsensical results for other schemes. It is the user’s responsibility to check the URL’s scheme before calling this.

let path = url.to_file_path();

Returns Err if the host is neither empty nor "localhost" (except on Windows, where file: URLs may have a non-local host), or if Path::new_opt() returns None. (That is, if the percent-decoded path contains a NUL byte or, for a Windows path, is not UTF-8.)

Trait Implementations§

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impl AsRef<str> for Url

Return the serialization of this URL.

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fn as_ref(&self) -> &str

Converts this type into a shared reference of the (usually inferred) input type.
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impl Clone for Url

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fn clone(&self) -> Url

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl Debug for Url

Debug the serialization of this URL.

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fn fmt(&self, formatter: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<'de> Deserialize<'de> for Url

Deserializes this URL from a serde stream.

This implementation is only available if the serde Cargo feature is enabled.

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fn deserialize<D>( deserializer: D ) -> Result<Url, <D as Deserializer<'de>>::Error>
where D: Deserializer<'de>,

Deserialize this value from the given Serde deserializer. Read more
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impl Display for Url

Display the serialization of this URL.

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fn fmt(&self, formatter: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl From<Url> for String

String conversion.

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fn from(value: Url) -> String

Converts to this type from the input type.
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impl FromStr for Url

Parse a string as an URL, without a base URL or encoding override.

§

type Err = ParseError

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.
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fn from_str(input: &str) -> Result<Url, ParseError>

Parses a string s to return a value of this type. Read more
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impl Hash for Url

URLs hash like their serialization.

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fn hash<H>(&self, state: &mut H)
where H: Hasher,

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)
where H: Hasher, Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
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impl Index<Range<Position>> for Url

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type Output = str

The returned type after indexing.
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fn index(&self, range: Range<Position>) -> &str

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more
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impl Index<RangeFrom<Position>> for Url

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type Output = str

The returned type after indexing.
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fn index(&self, range: RangeFrom<Position>) -> &str

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more
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impl Index<RangeFull> for Url

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type Output = str

The returned type after indexing.
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fn index(&self, _: RangeFull) -> &str

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more
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impl Index<RangeTo<Position>> for Url

§

type Output = str

The returned type after indexing.
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fn index(&self, range: RangeTo<Position>) -> &str

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more
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impl<'a> IntoClientRequest for &'a Url

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fn into_client_request(self) -> Result<Request<()>, Error>

Convert into a Request that can be used for a client connection.
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impl<'a> IntoClientRequest for &'a Url

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fn into_client_request(self) -> Result<Request<()>, Error>

Convert into a Request that can be used for a client connection.
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impl IntoClientRequest for Url

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fn into_client_request(self) -> Result<Request<()>, Error>

Convert into a Request that can be used for a client connection.
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impl IntoClientRequest for Url

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fn into_client_request(self) -> Result<Request<()>, Error>

Convert into a Request that can be used for a client connection.
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impl Ord for Url

URLs compare like their serialization.

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fn cmp(&self, other: &Url) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
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impl PartialEq for Url

URLs compare like their serialization.

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fn eq(&self, other: &Url) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
1.0.0 · source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl PartialOrd for Url

URLs compare like their serialization.

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Url) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
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impl Serialize for Url

Serializes this URL into a serde stream.

This implementation is only available if the serde Cargo feature is enabled.

source§

fn serialize<S>( &self, serializer: S ) -> Result<<S as Serializer>::Ok, <S as Serializer>::Error>
where S: Serializer,

Serialize this value into the given Serde serializer. Read more
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impl<State> ToListener<State> for Url
where State: Clone + Send + Sync + 'static,

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type Listener = ParsedListener<State>

What listener are we converting into?
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fn to_listener(self) -> Result<<Url as ToListener<State>>::Listener, Error>

Transform self into a Listener. Unless self is already bound/connected to the underlying io, converting to a listener does not initiate a connection. An Err return indicates an unsuccessful conversion to a listener, not an unsuccessful bind attempt.
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impl<'a> TryFrom<&'a str> for Url

§

type Error = ParseError

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
source§

fn try_from(s: &'a str) -> Result<Url, <Url as TryFrom<&'a str>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl Eq for Url

URLs compare like their serialization.

§

impl IntoUrl for Url

Auto Trait Implementations§

§

impl Freeze for Url

§

impl RefUnwindSafe for Url

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impl Send for Url

§

impl Sync for Url

§

impl Unpin for Url

§

impl UnwindSafe for Url

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Comparable<K> for Q
where Q: Ord + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

§

fn compare(&self, key: &K) -> Ordering

Compare self to key and return their ordering.
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

§

fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Checks if this value is equivalent to the given key. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

§

fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Checks if this value is equivalent to the given key. Read more
§

impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

§

fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

§

impl<T> Instrument for T

§

fn instrument(self, span: Span) -> Instrumented<Self>

Instruments this type with the provided [Span], returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more
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fn in_current_span(self) -> Instrumented<Self>

Instruments this type with the current Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more
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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
where U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

§

impl<I> IntoResettable<String> for I
where I: Into<String>,

§

fn into_resettable(self) -> Resettable<String>

Convert to the intended resettable type
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impl<D> OwoColorize for D

§

fn fg<C>(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, C, Self>
where C: Color,

Set the foreground color generically Read more
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fn bg<C>(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, C, Self>
where C: Color,

Set the background color generically. Read more
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fn black<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Black, Self>

Change the foreground color to black
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fn on_black<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Black, Self>

Change the background color to black
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fn red<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Red, Self>

Change the foreground color to red
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fn on_red<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Red, Self>

Change the background color to red
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fn green<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Green, Self>

Change the foreground color to green
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fn on_green<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Green, Self>

Change the background color to green
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fn yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Yellow, Self>

Change the foreground color to yellow
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fn on_yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Yellow, Self>

Change the background color to yellow
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fn blue<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Blue, Self>

Change the foreground color to blue
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fn on_blue<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Blue, Self>

Change the background color to blue
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fn magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to magenta
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fn on_magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the background color to magenta
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fn purple<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to purple
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fn on_purple<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the background color to purple
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fn cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Cyan, Self>

Change the foreground color to cyan
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fn on_cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Cyan, Self>

Change the background color to cyan
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fn white<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, White, Self>

Change the foreground color to white
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fn on_white<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, White, Self>

Change the background color to white
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fn default_color<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Default, Self>

Change the foreground color to the terminal default
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fn on_default_color<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Default, Self>

Change the background color to the terminal default
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fn bright_black<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlack, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright black
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fn on_bright_black<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlack, Self>

Change the background color to bright black
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fn bright_red<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightRed, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright red
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fn on_bright_red<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightRed, Self>

Change the background color to bright red
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fn bright_green<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightGreen, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright green
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fn on_bright_green<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightGreen, Self>

Change the background color to bright green
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fn bright_yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightYellow, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright yellow
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fn on_bright_yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightYellow, Self>

Change the background color to bright yellow
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fn bright_blue<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlue, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright blue
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fn on_bright_blue<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlue, Self>

Change the background color to bright blue
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fn bright_magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright magenta
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fn on_bright_magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the background color to bright magenta
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fn bright_purple<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright purple
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fn on_bright_purple<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the background color to bright purple
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fn bright_cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightCyan, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright cyan
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fn on_bright_cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightCyan, Self>

Change the background color to bright cyan
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fn bright_white<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightWhite, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright white
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fn on_bright_white<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightWhite, Self>

Change the background color to bright white
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fn bold<'a>(&'a self) -> BoldDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text bold
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fn dimmed<'a>(&'a self) -> DimDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text dim
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fn italic<'a>(&'a self) -> ItalicDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text italicized
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fn underline<'a>(&'a self) -> UnderlineDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text italicized
Make the text blink
Make the text blink (but fast!)
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fn reversed<'a>(&'a self) -> ReversedDisplay<'a, Self>

Swap the foreground and background colors
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fn hidden<'a>(&'a self) -> HiddenDisplay<'a, Self>

Hide the text
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fn strikethrough<'a>(&'a self) -> StrikeThroughDisplay<'a, Self>

Cross out the text
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fn color<Color>(&self, color: Color) -> FgDynColorDisplay<'_, Color, Self>
where Color: DynColor,

Set the foreground color at runtime. Only use if you do not know which color will be used at compile-time. If the color is constant, use either OwoColorize::fg or a color-specific method, such as OwoColorize::green, Read more
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fn on_color<Color>(&self, color: Color) -> BgDynColorDisplay<'_, Color, Self>
where Color: DynColor,

Set the background color at runtime. Only use if you do not know what color to use at compile-time. If the color is constant, use either OwoColorize::bg or a color-specific method, such as OwoColorize::on_yellow, Read more
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fn fg_rgb<const R: u8, const G: u8, const B: u8>( &self ) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, CustomColor<R, G, B>, Self>

Set the foreground color to a specific RGB value.
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fn bg_rgb<const R: u8, const G: u8, const B: u8>( &self ) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, CustomColor<R, G, B>, Self>

Set the background color to a specific RGB value.
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fn truecolor(&self, r: u8, g: u8, b: u8) -> FgDynColorDisplay<'_, Rgb, Self>

Sets the foreground color to an RGB value.
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fn on_truecolor(&self, r: u8, g: u8, b: u8) -> BgDynColorDisplay<'_, Rgb, Self>

Sets the background color to an RGB value.
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fn style(&self, style: Style) -> Styled<&Self>

Apply a runtime-determined style
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impl<T> Same for T

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type Output = T

Should always be Self
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impl<T> SectionExt for T
where T: Display + Send + Sync + 'static,

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fn header<C>(self, header: C) -> IndentedSection<C, T>
where C: Display + Send + Sync + 'static,

Add a header to a Section and indent the body Read more
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impl<T> ToOwned for T
where T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T> ToString for T
where T: Display + ?Sized,

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default fn to_string(&self) -> String

Converts the given value to a String. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T
where V: MultiLane<T>,

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fn vzip(self) -> V

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impl<T> WithSubscriber for T

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fn with_subscriber<S>(self, subscriber: S) -> WithDispatch<Self>
where S: Into<Dispatch>,

Attaches the provided Subscriber to this type, returning a [WithDispatch] wrapper. Read more
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fn with_current_subscriber(self) -> WithDispatch<Self>

Attaches the current default Subscriber to this type, returning a [WithDispatch] wrapper. Read more
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impl<T> DeserializeOwned for T
where T: for<'de> Deserialize<'de>,